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Titan Gel — Sekarang Semuanya Akan Berhasil!

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Perception Of The Mentor-Mentee System Among Medical Students Of The Faculty Of Medicine And Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak

Original Article

Abstract

Objective: To determine the perception of medical students towards mentor-mentee system in Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of UNIMAS.

Methods : It was a cross-sectional study involving all 104 year two and 80 year five medical students.  Self-administered questionnaire consist of socio-demographic, general perception on mentor-mentee system, academic support, personal development, and emotional and psychological support was distributed.  The data was entered and analysed using the SPSS version 19.

Results :  Majority of the subjects had a positive outlook towards the mentor-mentee system with a range of 45.6% to 57%.  Three of the top rated perception were mentor analyses mentee’s examination results and provides constructive feedback, mentor advises how to improve academic performance, and mentor gives encouragement and support for the challenges faced (66.8%, 68.0% and 62.9% respectively).  Pre-cinical medical students had significantly better perception on mentor-mentee system than clinical students (p≤0.002) while those with non-clinician mentors significantly had better perception than those with clinician mentors (p≤0.003) on the system.  No significant difference was found between perception of males and females for all components (p=0.234 to 0.722).

Conclusions : The mentor-mentee system was found to be successful as more than half of the respondents had posititve perception on the system and its aspects. However, pre-clinical students benefited more compared to clinical students, which reflect the need to look at the support given to clinical students.  It was recommended that future studies should incorporate the perceptions of mentors.

References

Shea GF. Making the most of being mentored: how to grow from a mentoring partnership. Menlo Park,CA: Crisp Publications, Inc. 1999.

Asadi H, Josephson A, Stenfors-Hayes T. Perceptions of medical students and their mentors in a specialised programme designed to provide insight into non-traditional career paths. International Journal of Medical Education. 2011;2:64-69.

Jefferies A, Skidmore M. Evaluation of a collaborative mentorship program in a multi-site postgraduate training program. Medical Teacher. 2010;32: 695-697.

Rosal MC, Ockene IS, Ockene JK, Barrett SV, Ma Y, Hebert JR. A longitudinal study of students’ depression at one medical school. Acad Med. 1997 Jun;72(6):542-6.

Dyrbye LN, Szydlo DW, Downing SM, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD. Development and preliminary psychometric of a well-being index for medical students. BMC Medical Education. 2010 Jan 27;10:8.

Straus SE, Chatur F, Taylor M. Issues in the mentor-mentee relationship in academic medicine: A qualitative study. Acad Med. 2009;84:135-139.

Lunsford LG. Psychology of mentoring: the case of talented college students. Journal of Advanced Academics. 2011;22:474-498.

Taherian, K., & Shekarchian , M. (2008). Mentoring for doctors. Do its benefits outweigh its disadvantages? Med Teac. 2008;30:95-99.

Sackett DL. On the determinants of academic success as a clinician-scientist. Clinical and investigative medicine. 2001;24(2):94-100.

Detsky AS, Baerlocker MO. Academic mentoring–how to give it and how to get it. JAMA. 2007;297(19):2134-2136.

Anderson W. Support, Expectations, Awareness & Influence: Reflections on Youth and Democracy Articles. Journal of Community Psychology. 2007;35(6): 811-814

Borisoff D. Strategies for effective mentoring and for being effectively mentored: A focus on research institutions. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration. 1998;27:84-96.

Aagaard EM, Hauer KE. A cross-sectional descriptive study of mentoring relationships formed by medical students. J Gen Intern Med. 2003 April;18(4): 298–302.

Cramer RJ, Prentice-Dunn S. Caring for the whole person: Guidelines for advancing undergraduate mentorship. College Student Journal. 2007 Dec Part A;41(4):771-778.
Full Text: PDF

About the Author

Whye Lian Cheah
Department of Community Medicine & Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 
Malaysia

Nan Ommar
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 
Malaysia

Tan Sze Fern Joanne
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 
Malaysia

Surizi Ismail
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 
Malaysia

Tengku Sarah Tengku Mohd Sharifudin
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 
Malaysia

Syn Hwan Wong
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

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About The Authors

Whye Lian Cheah
Department of Community Medicine & Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Malaysia

Nan Ommar
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Malaysia

Tan Sze Fern Joanne
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Malaysia

Surizi Ismail
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Malaysia

Tengku Sarah Tengku Mohd Sharifudin
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Malaysia

Syn Hwan Wong
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Relevance of Health economics in Medical Curriculum: A study in Jimma University Medical school, Ethiopia.

Original Article

Abstract

Background: Health is a fundamental human right and integral to human-well being .Health, health care and economy of a nation is always interrelated. Health economics is the sub-discipline of economics dealing with the issues of scarcity of resources, opportunity cost, prioritization and choice in health sector. Even though this field of specialization is gaining its importance all over the world, not included in the medical curriculum of many developing countries including Ethiopia.

Objective: to assess the extent of knowledge and awareness on health economics and economic evaluation techniques among medical doctors, Ethiopia

Methods: qualitative explorative study. Information collected through interviews with randomly selected 25 medical professionals from Jimma University specialized hospital.

Results: out of 25 respondents nobody has any academic exposure on health economics and related concepts at undergraduate/ postgraduate level. Medical professionals who are holding administrative positions also never got the chance of getting trained in this field.  28% of the respondents heard about economic evaluation techniques and 88% of them believe that application of health economic techniques will improve the performance of health care delivery system of Ethiopia.

Conclusion; Medical curriculum should be updated according to the need and health economics should be included. Health professionals and policy makers must familiarize the ways to allocate valuable resources in an effective manner. Medical educators must therefore adapt their curricula to teach future physicians the skills for practicing medicine in an evolving health care environment especially in the context of poor resource settings.

References

Arrow, K. J. (1963). A Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care. @ American

Economic Review, 53(5): 941-973.

Anitha Nath, Health Economics: Importance for Public Health India JK Science Vol. 10 No.4, Dec 2008

Blanchard, Olivier (2000), Macroeconomics, Prentice Hall, ISBN 013013306X.

Becker, Gary S. (1964). Human Capital, New York: Columbia University Press.

Carrin G, James C, Evans DB (2005). Achieving universal health coverage: developing the health financing system. Technical brief for policy-makers, Number 1/2005. WHO/EIP/HSF/PB/05.01

Culyer, A. J. and J. Newhouse (2000). Eds, Handbook of Health Economics, Volumes 1A and

B. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Gartner, Manfred (2006), Macroeconomics, Pearson Education Limited, ISBN 978-0-273-70460-7.

Himanshu sekhar Rout, Narayana Chandra Nayak Health and health economics a conceptual frame work, “Health Economics in India” edited by Himanshu Sekhar Rout and Prasant Kumar Panda, New Century Publications, New Delhi, 2007, pp. 13-29

Kenneth Lee and Anne Mills (Eds.), The Economics of Health in Developing Countries, Oxford

University Press, Oxford.

Lee, Kenneth and A. J. Mills (1979): The Role of Economists and Economics in Health Service

Planning: A General Overview, In K. Lee (Ed.), Economics and Health Planning, Croom Helm,

London.

Lee, Kenneth and Anne Mills (1983b): The Economics of Health in Developing Countries: a Critical Review, In Kenneth Lee and Anne Mills (Eds.), The Economics of Health in Developing Countries, Oxford University Press, Oxford

McPake, Barbara, Lilani Kumaranayake and Charles Normand (2002): Health Economics: An

International Perspective, Routledge, London.

Mitesh S. Patel, Matthew M. Davis, and Monica L. Lypson., N Engl J Med 2011; 364:695-697-February 24, 2011

Samuelson, P.A. (1976): Economics, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Samuelson, P.A. and W. D. Nordhaus (2000): Economics, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Shanmugasundaram, Yasodha (1994): Theory and Practice of Health Economics in India, Institute of Advanced Studies and Research, Chennai.

Schultz, T. W. (1960). A Capital Formation by [email protected] Journal of Political Economy, 68 (6):571-83.

World Bank (1993): World Development Report: Investing in Health, Oxford University Press, New York.
Full Text: PDF

About the Author

Devi Nair
Department of Health Planning and Management, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma university, Ethiopia 
Ethiopia

Kora Tushune
ssosiate Professor, Health Policy and Economics, Department of Health Planning and Management, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma university, Ethiopia. 
Ethiopia

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Artikel

Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: An Assessment Framework
Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff, Abdul Karim Alias, Fatimah Salleh
Promoting Professionalism in Medicine and Medical Education
Yasar Albushra Ahmed, Dina El Metwally
Perception Of The Mentor-Mentee System Among Medical Students Of The Faculty Of Medicine And Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Whye Lian Cheah, Nan Ommar, Tan Sze Fern Joanne, Surizi Ismail, Tengku Sarah Tengku Mohd Sharifudin, Syn Hwan Wong
Relevance of Health economics in Medical Curriculum: A study in Jimma University Medical school, Ethiopia.
Devi Nair, Kora Tushune

Petunjuk Bagi Penulis

Tulisan didasarkan pada hasil penelitian empirik (antara lain dengan menggunakan strategi penelitian ilmiah termasuk survei, studi kasus, percobaan/ eksperimen, analisis arsip, dan pendekatan sejarah), atau hasil kajian teoretis yang ditujukan untuk memajukan teori yang ada atau mengadaptasi teori pada suatu keadaan setempat, dan/ atau hasil penelaahan teori dengan tujuan mengulas dan menyintesis teori-teori yang ada.

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Naskah berkaitan dengan perkembangan terkini dan “best practices” bidang ilmu pendidikan untuk dokter, dokter spesialis dan profesi kesehatan yang lain, serta pendidikan profesi berkelanjutan. Tema yang dapat ditulis antara lain:

  • Inovasi pembelajaran
  • Pengembangan kurikulum dan modul
  • Proses belajar mengajar
  • Manajemen pendidikan tinggi
  • Skills laboratory/ laboratorium keterampilan medik
  • Pendidikan klinik termasuk rumah sakit pendidikan
  • Media ajar
  • Evaluasi belajar mengajar
  • Evaluasi program pendidikan
  • Etika dan profesionalisme

Tema-tema lain yang terkait dengan bidang ilmu pendidikan kedokteran dan profesi kesehatan lain yang belum tercantum diatas tetap dapat diterima.


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Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia adalah Jurnal Nasional Indonesia yang diterbitkan 3 kali dalam setahun (Maret, Juli, dan November) oleh Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (AIPKI). Jurnal ini telah mendapatkan ISSN dengan nomer 2252-5084. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia adalah Jurnal Ilmiah Nasional yang Terakreditasi berdasarkan Surat Keputusan Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi Republik Indonesia Nomor: 1/E/KPT/2015 tanggal 21 September 2015 tentang Hasil Akreditasi Berkala Ilmiah Periode I tahun 2015

Untuk tiap edisi, dicetak sekitar 500 buah jurnal yang didiseminasikan ke seluruh institusi pendidikan kedokteran Indonesia anggota AIPKI, dan dapat diperoleh secara online.

Jurnal ini bertujuan untuk mendiseminasikan perkembangan terkini dan “best practices” bidang ilmu pendidikan untuk dokter, dokter spesialis dan profesi kesehatan yang lain, serta pendidikan profesi berkelanjutan. Artikel yang diterbitkan telah melalui proses kaji ulang oleh mitra bebestari yang memiliki kualifikasi dan pengalaman di bidang ini.